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About Endoscopy


About Endoscopy

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      Endoscopy means looking inside and typically refers to looking inside the body for medical reasons using an endoscope  an instrument used to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Unlike most other medical imaging devices, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ. Endoscopy can also refer to using a borescope in technical situations where direct line of-sight observation is not feasible.


Endoscopy can involve

An anoscope, a proctoscope, and a rectoscope with approximate lengths.


  • Infection
  • Punctured organs
  • Over-sedation
  • Hole in the colon

The main risks are perforation, or a tear, of the stomach or oesophagus lining and bleeding. Although perforation generally requires surgery, certain cases may be treated with antibiotics and intravenous fluids. Bleeding may occur at the site of a biopsy or polyp removal. Typically minor in degree, such bleeding may simply stop on its own or be controlled by cauterisation. Seldom does surgery become necessary.

Fortunately, both perforation and bleeding are extremely rare during gastroscopy.

Other minor risks include drug reactions and complications related to other diseases you may have. Consequently, you should inform your doctor of all allergic tendencies and medical problems.

Occasionally, the site of the sedative injection may become inflamed and tender for a short time. This is usually not serious and warm compresses for a few days are usually helpful.

While any of these complications may possibly occur, it is well to remember that each of them occurs quite infrequently.

Your doctor can further discuss the above risks with you with regard to your particular need for gastroscopy.

After the endoscopy

After the procedure the patient will be observed and monitored by a qualified individual in the endoscopy room or a recovery area until a significant portion of the medication has worn off. Occasionally the patient is left with a mild sore throat, which may respond to saline gargles, or chamomile tea. It may last for weeks or not happen at all. The patient may have a feeling of distention from the insufflated air that was used during the procedure. Both problems are mild and fleeting. When fully recovered, the patient will be instructed when to resume their usual diet (probably within a few hours) and will be allowed to be taken home. Because of the use of sedation, most facilities mandate that the patient is taken home by another person and does not drive or handle machinery for the remainder of the day.

* Endoscopy may be able to do in BaliMéd Hospital.







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